Editor: Eliade Stefanescu

Open Quantum Physics and Environmental Heat Conversion into Usable Energy

Volume 1

eBook: US $59 Special Offer (PDF + Printed Copy): US $161
Printed Copy: US $131
Library License: US $236
ISSN: 2542-5064 (Print)
ISSN: 2542-5072 (Online)
ISBN: 978-1-60805-997-3 (Print)
ISBN: 978-1-60805-986-7 (Online)
Year of Publication: 2014
DOI: 10.2174/97816080598671140101


A Quantum system can be viewed as a larger closed system comprising of two components: an open quantum system and its surrounding environment. These two components interact with each other, and in the realm of theoretical physics, this interaction cannot be neglected. This eBook explains mathematical and statistical concepts essential for describing a realistic quantum system by presenting recent contributions in this field. The book commences by explaining of the basics of quantum mechanics, statistical physics, and physics of open quantum systems. Detailed methods of deriving theoretical equations with explicit analytical coefficients with respect to open quantum systems are also explained. The book concludes with the study of a quantum heat converter in the framework of an all-microscopic theory involving fermions, photons, and phonons.

Readers of this book will gain a better understanding on the following topics:

  • - Quantum mechanics including the Boson and Fermion states, Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein statistics, spin-statistics relation, many-body systems of Bosons and Fermions, the Fermi-Dirac integrals of the Fermion state densities, and transport phenomena in semiconductors
  • - Dissipative dynamics and quantum systems such as friction, diffusion, friction-diffusion relation, mobility, occupation probability dynamics, damping, spectral width, correlation and autocorrelation, memory, stability, bifurcation, self-organization, and chaos
  • - Lindblad’s theory of open quantum systems through the work of Alicki and Lendi
  • - Quantum tunneling as an interaction with a system.
  • - Optical bistability, including the fundamental contributions of Carmichael, McCall, and Bonifacio.
  • - Master equations based on the microscopic theory of Ford, Lewis, and O’Connell.
  • - Field propagation in a semiconductor structure
  • - Coherent light propagation in the framework of a microscopic model including the refractive index and the Raman frequency shift.
  • - Heat conversion in the framework of an all-microscopic model of open queantum systems
  • - Entropy dynamics in a matter field system.


1985 was an important year for us, at Joint Institute for Nuclear Research at Dubna I was the vice director and the director was N. N. Bogoliubov. One year earlier, Rose and Jones discovered a cluster emission process, which was predicted by us a few years earlier, and we were interested in a more rigorous description of the heavy ion collisions. With Horia Scutaru, I succeeded to finalize a paper describing collective coordinate vibrations in the dissipative environment of the nuclear excitations. Though the result was interesting, but somehow doubtful, as it was based on an original generalization of quantum mechanics, performed by Lindblad a few years earlier. I was interested in additional verifications of this theory in other fields of research as the laser theory. In this field, I began to work with Eliade Stefanescu. Two years later, Stefanescu not only re-obtained the Bloch-Feynman equations in the framework of Lindblad’s theory, but also obtained a very interesting phenomenon of energy transfer from a disordered environment to a coherent electromagnetic field propagating through this environment. He followed this idea for years, and, finally, he successfully conceived it and in a complex theoretical framework, described a semiconductor device, thus making this operation efficient.

Prof. Dr. Sc. Dr. H. C. Aurel Sandulescu
Member of the Romanian Academy,
Center of Advanced Studies in Physics of the Romanian Academy, Bucharest Romania


.Ion Implantation and Activation.
.Ion Implantation and Activation.
.Ion Implantation and Activation.
.Classical Mechanics and Quantum Mechanics: An Historic-Axiomatic Approach.