This eBook is about charting a course for students at undergraduate level to be successful in writing their dissertation or project. Alongside this, it is primarily a support for academic staff who have a supervision role at undergraduate level, especially those who are new to this in their career. It also has wider readership potential for Masters Level supervisors as many of the same supervision and academic writing issues extend to both sectors. Some of the key issues that have emerged in the literature on supervision at undergraduate level are relevant to the case of Masters research supervision also. Important factors for the supervisor of both levels exist such as avoiding conflict of interest between themselves and their student, as well as experiencing the possibilities of both variable workloads and quality of supervision. This is especially important as the number of students being supervised is on the rise, and the ability of individual staff to carry out their other duties is becoming more constrained which can result in less time being available for supervision of each student and the quality of their supervision perhaps suffering. Therefore it is a very useful online resource for all supervisors to have on their desktop/laptop as it provides useful insights into ways in which students can be assisted with writing, as well as being a very useful and flexible starting place for all students to have as they write.
There are chapters in the eBook from around the world, and from different disciplines and contexts, so it is instantly obvious that writing and supervising a good undergraduate dissertation is a global challenge, and this eBook can help meet it! We believe this eBook is necessary as there are many texts available today to help Masters and Doctoral students write their thesis, and further work oriented at supervisors at these levels, to provide guidance, support and pedagogies for the postgraduate research supervision process, but the undergraduate student and supervisor seem to have been neglected along the way.
We are supervisors ourselves and so are all the contributing authors; so this eBook is written by supervisors and for supervisors! The examples and exercises provided in many chapters will be helpful in addressing problems that can arise in both the writing and supervising of an undergraduate dissertation or project.
In the Introduction chapter to the eBook, our research on this topic with academic staff from Irish higher education is discussed. This formed part of the impetus for creating the eBook. The style and content of the chapters is pragmatic, and aims to provide clear and sensible guidance to enlighten students in their writing and supervisors in their role and across the disciplines. It would also be a useful guide for staff involved in supporting supervisors in the complex task of research supervision. This is a very practical text with tips and hints for students, supervisors and examiners, and scenarios that illustrate the points being made. In many cases, the practical advice offered in the chapters is based upon research projects undertaken by the very experienced authors. The advice consists of highlighting solutions that others have found helpful, and which may also work for you. The research underpinning this eBook then provides a sound basis for the comments and suggestions made throughout the work. It has a wealth of advice and we hope it also makes for an enjoyable read!
A WORD ABOUT THE CONTRIBUTING AUTHORS This eBook draws together the shared expertise of a number of very experienced supervisors from higher education institutions in Ireland, UK and the USA. This is an edited volume that brings together 12 chapters by 15 supervisors. Although the eBook has been organized into 12 chapters exploring both the supervisor and student perspective, it should be noted that the advice and recommendations presented in each chapter can be useful for both parties in the supervisory relationship.
The supervisor perspective is presented in Chapter 1 by Gina Wisker: this is especially useful for the first time supervisor, as it looks into roles and responsibilities, supervisory expectations and interactions, as well as offering research and experience based ideas for good practice in supervising undergraduate dissertations and projects.
Neil Haigh’s chapter is helpful for students when they are setting out to conceptualize a research project. As well as providing an easy-to-follow framework to support students through the various stages of the research process, it outlines practical suggestions and observations from the author’s own extensive experience as a supervisor. Closely related to this, Amanda Dillon’s chapter presents a valuable empirical study of the undergraduate student’s own expectations of the dissertation and follows their journey through the process.
The key ethical issues regarding supervision are fully explored in Richard Miller’s chapter. Developing staff and student understandings of ethics in undergraduate research is as prevalent today as it ever was.
The chapter by Moira Maguire, Brid Delahunt and Ann Everitt-Reynolds also explores the role of ethics in research but the principles that guide ethical decision-making are initially outlined and their application to each stage of the research process is subsequently discussed. This discussion is further enhanced through the provision of expert tips and the use of audio clips from students illustrating how ethical issues can be managed within projects. Charles Buckley’s chapter discusses the growing phenomenon of supervising international students, and explores some of the key challenges facing supervisors as well as presenting a number of practical solutions.
The chapter by Vicky Gunn revisits how the undergraduate dissertation in the Arts and Humanities is placed within the whole of a programme. It is presented from the perspective of changes to the nature of being an early career researcher. The chapter aims to provide a starting point for a discussion about how to redesign undergraduate dissertation processes in such a way that students are enabled to play to their strongest researcher orientations.
The next two chapters explore the crucial role of academic writing in the undergraduate dissertation process. Nancy Hensel and Lindsay Currie examine the relationship between undergraduate research and the training necessary for effective writing, with a special focus on the importance of the faculty mentor. This chapter also focuses on the need for students to be clear about the purpose of writing and addressing different audiences. Sarah Moore’s imaginatively titled chapter is presented for the student’s perspective and also affords supervisors the valuable opportunity to look closely at how they support their own students in the academic writing process. It emphasises how important it is to pay attention to the emotional dimensions of writing, both positive and negative. Within this, she highlights the paradoxes that exist within the process of academic writing and reviews the common advice that students can be presented with to support them in their writing pursuits, and examines how this advice might not always have the intended desired positive effect. Taken together, both chapters explore issues of general concern to supervisors and offer practical approaches to the teaching of writing which can be used in both study/writing support sessions and within disciplinary contexts.
The remaining three chapters consider the important role of supporting the student through digital literacy with the use of relevant learning technologies: Online Communities of Practice to support students in the dissertation process are discussed in the chapter by Linda Clarke; how YouTube Resources can help with information overload and the need for development of critical awareness is explored in the chapter by Ziene Mottiar and ePortfolios (self-regulation and personal development) are presented in the final chapter in the eBook by Brendan Ryder.
Finally, we, the editors, wanted to take this opportunity to thank the contributing authors to the eBook, and acknowledge the Editorial Advisory Panel for their help in the review process of the eBook, without whose support the project could not have been satisfactorily completed. So, our sincere gratitude is extended to all those on the Editorial Advisory Panel who provided constructive and comprehensive reviews.
EDITORIAL ADVISORY PANEL
Ms Anne Carpenter, Institute of Technology, Carlow, Ireland, firstname.lastname@example.org
Ms Martina Crehan, Curriculum Innovation Unit, Royal College of Surgeons, Ireland, email@example.com
Mr Vincent Farrell, Learning, Teaching and Technology Centre, Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland, firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr Ciara O’Farrell, Centre for Academic Practice and Student Learning, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland, email@example.com
Dr Geraldine O’Neill, School of Education & Lifelong Learning, University College Dublin, Ireland, firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr Kevin O’Rourke, Head of eLearning Support, Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland, email@example.com
Ms Angela Short, School of Business and Humanities, Dundalk Institute of Technology, Ireland, firstname.lastname@example.org
We hope you enjoy the contributions in the eBook from all the authors who shared their expertise with us and the wider supervisor and student community in undergraduate education.
Roisin Donnelly, John Dallat and Marian Fitzmaurice
Dublin and Dundalk