Editors: Robert F. Diegelmann, Charles E. Chalfant

Series Title: Frontiers in Inflammation

Basic Biology and Clinical Aspects of Inflammation

Volume 1

eBook: US $129 Special Offer (PDF + Printed Copy): US $226
Printed Copy: US $162
Library License: US $516
ISSN: 2468-1466 (Print)
ISSN: 2468-1474 (Online)
ISBN: 978-1-68108-228-8 (Print)
ISBN: 978-1-68108-227-1 (Online)
Year of Publication: 2016
DOI: 10.2174/97816810822711160101

Introduction

Basic Biology and Clinical Aspects of Inflammation provides information about the critical cells and biochemical mediators involved in the complex process of inflammation. Readers are introduced to the basic scientific background on the subject, after which the book progresses towards translational research in clinical settings. Topics covered in this volume include, the modulation of inflammation during normal and chronic wound healing, altered metabolism during inflammation processes, the effect of ageing on inflammatory processes, as well as details about the underlying molecular processes behind specific clinical pathologies that are driven by excessive inflammation in the body (allergic reactions, type 2 diabetes, cardiac and vascular disease, arthritis, periodontal disease, inflammatory bowel disease and neuroinflammation). The volume also provides the latest information on pharmacotherapy for inflammation and interesting contributions towards the mathematical modeling and network analysis of inflammation. Basic Biology and Clinical Aspects of Inflammation features contributions from by a distinguished group of international researchers and clinicians highly recognized for their specific expertise in the field of inflammation. The information presented in this reference is useful to academics, medical professionals, health care regulators and pharmaceutical scientists.

Foreword

In the post-genomic era, understanding inflammation and its intricate mechanisms is the final frontier. While ancient physicians recognized inflammation’s cardinal signs as heat, redness, swelling and pain centuries ago,the cellular and molecular players in this vital inflammatory host response have only been elucidated for the most part in the last century. Today, it’s now well appreciated that uncontrolled inflammation and excessivetissue levels of inflammatory mediators play central roles in the pathogenesis of many widely occurring diseases throughout the body and all its organs. At one time, the study of inflammation and inflammatory diseases was confined to chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, periodontal disease and the like, while today it is commonly appreciated that neurodegenerative diseases, cognitive decline, vascular diseases, asthma, obesity and many other widely occurring diseases involve uncontrolled, recurrent bouts of inflammation. In order for us to gain and harness new approaches to treat these diseases and appreciate the complexity of the inflammatory response, it is essential for students, scientists and health care practitioners to command a detailed appreciation of the cellular and molecular language of the inflammatory response, the mediators and governance of this body defense system.

The acute inflammatory response is protective, many of the cell types, mediators and mechanisms are known today, and the control of self-limited responses and the progression to natural resolution and tissue homeostasis are beginning to be unraveled. As a major defense mechanism, the innate immune response protects from bacterial invasion and is centered on containment and killing of microbes for their elimination from the body. Hence, the interrelationship between infection and inflammation is a battleground with language that needs to be fully decoded and appreciated in order for us to gain advantage in treatment of diseases where inflammation plays a critical component and hopefully translate into protective practices in personalized medicine.

Inflammation and the controlled inflammatory response, namely its resolution, is thus linked to many of life’s processes such as wound healing and aging, while an uncontrolled inflammatory response is viewed today as the instigating mechanism underlying diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases and neuroinflammation and likely many diseases, both sterile injury from within and yet-to-be-described invaders, emphasizing the importance of the inflammatory response and ongoinginflammation as maybe relevant in obesity, metabolic syndrome and aging. The microbiome’s relationship to containment, infection and local tissue inflammation in organs throughout the body remains to be fully decoded, and it is well recognized that the stress of surgery and the local scalpel cut of the surgeon initiate inflammatory responses and potentially (via occlusion of blood vessels with blood reflow)injury from within.

It is within the spirit of widely appreciating these cellular events, processes and mechanisms that the editors, Drs. Diegelmann and Chalfant, have assembled this eBook containing major contributions from an international distinguished panel of experts to present a didactic experience of the basic cell biology as well as clinical aspects of inflammation. The chapters are by authorities and leading investigators and systematically introduce the cellular and molecular initiators and defenders in the acute inflammatory response and go on to include chapters on inflammation in metabolism, aging, allergy, diabetes, cardiovascular, arthritis, oral disease, gastrointestinal and neural inflammation in well-illustrated and clearly presented didactic chapters.

Inflammation when presented in medical school is usually a component of general pathology, or immunology, and in some cases microbiology as well as each of the medical specialties in small bites. Thus, in many respects, the presentation of the innate immune response and its communication to acquired immunity is fragmented in the traditional medical curriculum. This ebook helps to provide, in one succinct presentation, a cohesive view of our multidisciplinary appreciation of inflammation today and how it impacts many disease processes and organs throughout the body.

The editors have also taken care to present current approaches in pharmacotherapy in inflammatory responses as well as the application of mathematical modeling and network analysis to inflammation. These are valuable and can help provide a strong foundation to the readers for appreciating the role of inflammation and its treatment for both personalized and precision medicine. This eBook on Basic Biology and Clinical Aspects of Inflammation should be of wide interest across disciplines to not only practitioners, health care providers and basic medical scientists, but should also be of interest to the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries as well as nutrition and economists, because of the tremendous economic burden of diseases where uncontrolled inflammation is a key culprit. Drs. Diegelmann and Chalfant give us a well-integrated eBook and chapters that will enable the reader to increase our present understanding and gain insight to discover new means to marvel and control this important life process.Inflammation is all!

Charles N. Serhan
Brigham and Women’s Hospital,
Harvard Medical School,
77 Avenue Louis Pasteur (HIM 829)
Boston, MA 02115, USA
cnserhan@zeus.bwh.harvard.edu


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