Editors: Alfred Hagemeyer, Anthony F. Volpe

Modern Applications of High Throughput R&D in Heterogeneous Catalysis

eBook: US $89 Special Offer (PDF + Printed Copy): US $224
Printed Copy: US $180
Library License: US $356
ISBN: 978-1-60805-873-0 (Print)
ISBN: 978-1-60805-872-3 (Online)
Year of Publication: 2014
DOI: 10.2174/97816080587231140101

Introduction

Catalysts are critical for the production of chemical products, being used in vast majority of processes worldwide. Moreover, many industrial products employ catalytic step at some point during their manufacturing from raw materials. The effect is that catalysts add efficiency and great value to industry in general, and have the potential to save up to an additional 50 percent of the energy used by the chemical industry by deploying new and/or improve commercial catalysts systems, which would be highly beneficial in reducing the global energy demands of future.

The global catalyst market in 2013 is approximately $15 billion, and catalysts added about $2.4 trillion of value to world economies. Catalytic processes were responsible for about 35 percent of the gross global products in 2011. Notably, the costs of the catalysts themselves are a very small fraction of the value that they create. These statistics highlight the importance of industrial catalysis. With advancements in the fields of Industrial Chemical Catalysis and Green Chemistry, which are covered in this new eBook, it is inevitable that the economic and social impact of catalysis will increase in the coming years. The discovery and optimization of organic and inorganic functional materials, including catalysts in industrial R&D labs, were revolutionized with the advent of high throughput research and development methodologies in the early 1990s. This involved the application of robotic syntheses and the screening of novel inorganic materials utilizing parallel arrays of spatially resolved and individually addressable library elements in (micro-scale) bulk or on two-dimensional surfaces. At the time, these new high throughput screening technologies promised to drastically accelerate innovation and dramatically shorten the development times of new and improved materials and thereby time-to-market. Today, 20 years later, although the early enthusiasm has tempered, high throughput catalyst synthesis and screening tools, software, and workflows have been further developed, automated and hardened, and scientists in both academia and industry are increasingly and in many cases routinely using high throughput techniques in their work. It is the purpose of this new eBook to take an in-depth look at the current status of high-throughput research and development in catalysis now that the field has matured. What has survived two decades after the hype? Which methodologies have become accepted by industrial R&D labs and which have disappeared? What real-world successes followed the early proof-of-principle work on model reactions? Are there modern applications available to industrially relevant and complex reactions today?

This eBook covers the application of high-throughput R&D to both fundamental and applied catalysis including catalyst synthesis, characterization, and testing in various reactor types. Chapters from academia as well as industry make this eBook well-balanced, although somewhat weighted to professional industrial or service R&D labs as pointed out by Prof. Maier in the preface. Included are applications ranging from optimizations of established industrial catalysts to the discovery of innovative new materials, examples of the development of innovative parallel characterization methods, and cases of real catalyst testing in small-scale reactor systems. There are also chapters that cover commodity chemicals produced using continuous gas phase processes as well as fine chemicals produced in liquid phase batch reactors. The potential of industrial chemicals production from biorenewable feedstock is also presented. It is evident that model reactions are now rarely employed, with the steadily improving workflows being applied to relevant reactions and targets such as hydrotreating, Deacon oxidation, Fischer-Tropsch, propane dehydrogenation, C4 oxidation, methane coupling, exhaust gas catalysis, bio-based Nylon, fuel cells and vitamins. The interplay between academia and industry and the need for exchange of experiences among users via specialized journals and books is addressed by the early pioneer Professor Maier in the preface.

Contributors

Editor(s):
Alfred Hagemeyer
Menlo Park
CA
USA


Anthony F. Volpe
Palo Alto
CA
USA




Contributor(s):
Adam Chojecki
Core R&D Inorganic Materials & Heterogeneous Catalysis
Dow Benelux B.V
Terneuzen
The Netherlands


Alfred Haas
hte GmbH, Kurpfalzring 104
Heidelberg, 69123
Germany


Andreas Müller
hte GmbH, Kurpfalzring 104
Heidelberg, 69123
Germany


Andreas Sundermann
hte GmbH, Kurpfalzring 104
Heidelberg, 69123
Germany


Andrew Creeth
ACAL Energy
Runcorn
UK


Andrew I. Cooper
University of Liverpool
Centre for Materials Discovery
Liverpool
UK


Armin Lange de Oliveira
hte GmbH, Kurpfalzring 104
Heidelberg, 69123
Germany


Ben Alston
University of Liverpool
Centre for Materials Discovery
Liverpool
UK


Billy Bardin
Hydrocarbons R&D
The Dow Chemical Company
Freeport
TX
USA


C. Martin Lok
Avantium Chemicals
Zekeringstraat 1014 BV
Amsterdam
The Netherlands


Chen Junwen
Sinopec Research Institute of PetroleumProcessing
Beijing
China


Cornelia Futter
hte GmbH, Kurpfalzring 104
Heidelberg, 69123
Germany


David Linke
Leibniz-Institut für Katalyse an der Universität Rostock e.V.
Albert-Einstein-Strasse 29A
Rostock
D-18059
Germany


Erdem Sasmaz
Smartstate Center for Strategic Approaches to the Generation of Electricity (SAGE)
University of South Carolina
Columbia
SC, 29201
USA


Erik-Jan Ras
Avantium Chemicals
Zekeringstraat 1014 BV
Amsterdam
The Netherlands


Evgenii V. Kondratenko
Leibniz-Institut für Katalyse an der Universität Rostock e.V.
Albert-Einstein-Strasse 29A
Rostock, D-18059
Germany


Franck Dumeignil
Univ. Lille Nord de France
Lille
France
/
Unité de Catalyse et de Chimie du Solide
UCCS (UMR CNRS 8181)
Cité Scientifique
Villeneuve d‘Ascq
France


Garry Meima
Hydrocarbons R&D
Dow Benelux B.V
Terneuzen
The Netherlands


Gary M. Diamond
Rennovia, Inc.
Menlo Park
California
USA


Gregory Yablonsky
Saint Louis University, Parks College of Engineering, Aviation and Technology
Saint Louis
Missouri
USA


Hirokazu Shibata
Core R&D Inorganic Materials & Heterogeneous Catalysis
Dow Benelux B.V
Terneuzen
The Netherlands


Hywel Davies
ACAL Energy
Runcorn
UK


Jan C. van der Waal
Avantium Chemicals
Zekeringstraat 1014 BV
Amsterdam
The Netherlands


Jan-Dierk Grunwaldt
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Institute for Chemical Technology and Polymer Chemistry (ITCP)
Karlsruhe
Germany
/
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Institute of Catalysis Research and Technology (IKFT)
Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen
Germany


Jason Hattrick-Simpers
Smartstate Center for Strategic Approaches to the Generation of Electricity (SAGE)
University of South Carolina
Columbia
SC, 29201
USA


Jia Xiaomei
Sinopec Research Institute of Petroleum Processing
Beijing
China


Jochen Lauterbach
Smartstate Center for Strategic Approaches to the Generation of Electricity (SAGE)
University of South Carolina
Columbia
SC, 29201
USA


John Bedenbaugh
Smartstate Center for Strategic Approaches to the Generation of Electricity (SAGE)
University of South Carolina
Columbia
SC, 29201
USA


John Gleaves
Department of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering
Washington University in Saint Louis
Saint Louis
Missouri
USA


Jonathan Medlock
DSM Nutritional Products
Basel
Switzerland


Klaus Stöwe
Technische Chemie
Universität des Saarlandes
Campus C42
Saarbrücken, 66123
Germany


Lionel Montagne
Univ. Lille Nord de France
Lille
France
/
Unité de Catalyse et de Chimie du Solide
UCCS (UMR CNRS 8181)
Cité Scientifique
Villeneuve d‘Ascq
France


Luis T. Alvarado Rupflin
hte GmbH, Kurpfalzring 104
Heidelberg, 69123
Germany


Marion Roth
Technische Chemie
Universität des Saarlandes
Campus C42
Saarbrücken, 66123
Germany


Mark McAdon
Core R&D Inorganic Materials & Heterogeneous Catalysis
The Dow Chemical Company
Midland
MI
USA


Markus Hammes
Technische Chemie
Universität des Saarlandes
Campus C42
Saarbrücken, 66123
Germany


Martin J. G. Fait
Leibniz-Institut für Katalyse an der Universität Rostock e.V.
Albert-Einstein-Strasse 29A
Rostock, D-18059
Germany


Martin Valtchev
Technische Chemie
Universität des Saarlandes
Campus C42
Saarbrücken, 66123
Germany


Michael L. Lejkowski
hte GmbH, Kurpfalzring 104
Heidelberg, 69123
Germany


Michael Schneider
Chemspeed Technologies AG
Augst
Switzerland


Mu Xuhong
Sinopec Research Institute of Petroleum Processing
Beijing
China


Nadine Brem
hte GmbH, Kurpfalzring 104
Heidelberg, 69123
Germany


Nelleke van der Puil
Avantium Chemicals
Zekeringstraat 1014 BV
Amsterdam
The Netherlands


Peter Catry
Information Research
Dow Benelux B.V
Terneuzen
The Netherlands


Rebecca Fushimi
Saint Louis University
Parks College of Engineering, Aviation and Technology
Saint Louis
Missouri
USA
/
The Langmuir Research Institute
Saint Louis
Missouri
USA


Rénato Froidevaux
Univ. Lille Nord de France
Lille
France
/
Laboratoire des Procédés Biologiques
Génie Enzymatique et Microbien,Polytech’Lille
Villeneuve d’Ascq
France


Richard J. Nichols
University of Liverpool
Centre for Materials Discovery
Liverpool
UK


Rick Schroden
Core R&D Inorganic Materials & Heterogeneous Catalysis
The Dow Chemical Company
Midland
MI
USA


Ringo Födisch
hte GmbH, Kurpfalzring 104
Heidelberg, 69123
Germany


Roel Moonen
Avantium Chemicals
Zekeringstraat 1014 BV
Amsterdam
The Netherlands


Sean Higgins
University of Liverpool
Centre for Materials Discovery
Liverpool
UK


Sébastien Paul
Univ. Lille Nord de France
Lille
France
/
Unité de Catalyse et de Chimie du Solide
UCCS (UMR CNRS 8181)
Cité Scientifique
Villeneuve d‘Ascq
France
/
Ecole Centrale de Lille
ECLille
Villeneuve d’Ascq
France


Sergey Sokolov
Leibniz-Institut für Katalyse an der Universität Rostock e.V.
Albert-Einstein-Strasse 29A
Rostock, D-18059
Germany


Stephan A. Schunk
hte GmbH, Kurpfalzring 104
Heidelberg, 69123
Germany


Sun Min
Sinopec Research Institute of Petroleum Processing
Beijing
China


Sungtak Kim
Smartstate Center for Strategic Approaches to the Generation of Electricity (SAGE)
University of South Carolina
Columbia
SC, 29201
USA


Sven K. Weber
hte GmbH, Kurpfalzring 104
Heidelberg, 69123
Germany


Sven Titlbach
hte GmbH, Kurpfalzring 104
Heidelberg, 69123
Germany


Svetlana Heyte
Univ. Lille Nord de France
Lille
France
/
Unité de Catalyse et de Chimie du Solide
UCCS (UMR CNRS 8181)
Cité Scientifique
Villeneuve d‘Ascq
France
/
Ecole Centrale de Lille
ECLille
Villeneuve d’Ascq
France


Thomas R. Boussie
Rennovia, Inc
Menlo Park
California
USA


Uwe Rodemerck
Leibniz-Institut für Katalyse an der Universität Rostock e.V
Albert-Einstein-Strasse 29A
Rostock, D-18059
Germany


Vince Murphy
Rennovia, Inc
Menlo Park
California
USA


Wang Yongrui
Sinopec Research Institute of Petroleum Processing
Beijing
China


Werner Bonrath
DSM Nutritional Products
Basel
Switzerland


Wilhelm F. Maier
Technische Chemie, Universität des Saarlandes
Campus C42
Saarbrücken, 66123
Germany


Wolfgang Kleist
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Institute for Chemical Technology and Polymer Chemistry (ITCP)
Karlsruhe
Germany
/
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Institute of Catalysis Research and Technology (IKFT)
Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen
Germany




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