Bio-Inspired Nanotechnology focuses on the use of bio-inspired and biomimetic methods for the fabrication and activation of nanomaterials. It summarizes recent developments in biocompatible and biodegradable materials, including their properties, fabrication methods, synthesis protocols, and applications. This includes studies concerning the binding of the biomolecules to the surface of inorganic structures, structure/function relationships of the final materials, and unique applications of such biomimetic materials in harvesting/storage, biomedical diagnostics, and materials assembly. The book chapters also cover a range of available bio-based nanomaterials, including chitin, starch and nanocellulose. It serves as a detailed reference for learners and anyone interested in sustainable nanoscale materials, including materials scientists, biomedical engineers, environmental scientists, food and agriculture manufacturers and scientists.