Editors: Kai-Uwe Lewandrowski, Jorge Felipe Ramírez León, Anthony Yeung, Hyeun-Sung Kim, Xifeng Zhang, Gun Choi, Stefan Hellinger, Álvaro Dowling

Series Title: Contemporary Endoscopic Spine Surgery

Contemporary Endoscopic Spine Surgery - Advanced Technologies

Volume 3

eBook: US $99 Special Offer (PDF + Printed Copy): US $168
Printed Copy: US $119
Library License: US $396
ISSN: 2810-9538 (Print)
ISSN: 2810-952X (Online)
ISBN: 978-981-5051-55-1 (Print)
ISBN: 978-981-5051-54-4 (Online)
Year of Publication: 2022
DOI: 10.2174/97898150515441220301


Contemporary Endoscopic Spine Surgery brings the reader the most up-to-date information on the endoscopy of the spine. Key opinion leaders from around the world have come together to present the clinical evidence behind their competitive endoscopic spinal surgery protocols. Chapters in the series cover a range of aspects of spine surgery including spinal pain generators, preoperative workup with modern independent predictors of favorable clinical outcomes with endoscopy, anesthesia in an outpatient setting, management of complications, and a fresh look at technology advances in a historical context. The reader will have a first-row seat during the illustrative discussions of expanded surgical indications from herniated disc to more complex clinical problems, including stenosis, instability, and deformity in patients with advanced degenerative disease of the human spine. Contemporary Endoscopic Spine Surgery is divided into three volumes: Cervical Spine, Lumbar Spine, and Advanced Technologies to capture an accurate snapshot in time of this fast-moving field. It is intended as a comprehensive go-to reference text for surgeons in graduate residency and postgraduate fellowship training programs and for practicing spine surgeons interested in looking for the scientific foundation for expanding their clinical practice towards endoscopic surgery.

This volume (Advanced Technologies) covers the following endoscopic spine surgery topics in 19 detailed chapters: endoscopic intradiscal therapy and foraminoplasty, evidence based medicine in spine surgery, artificial intelligence for spine surgery, postoperative management, transforaminal lumbar endoscopy and associated complications, laser applications in full endoscopy of the spine, high frequency surgery for the treatment of herniated discs, lumbar MRI, cost and maintenance management of endoscopic spine systems, regenerative medicine, interbody fusion, endoscopic intravertebral canal decompression after spinal fracture, treatment of lumbar tuberculosis, treatment of degenerative scoliosis, treatment of thoracic meningioma with spinal canal decompression, and cervical endoscopic unilateral laminotomy for bilateral decompression (CE-ULBD).

Audience: Postgraduate residents and fellows in orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery, general surgery and health professionals in pain management clinics.


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Kai-Uwe Lewandrowski, Jorge Felipe Ramírez León, Anthony Yeung
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List of Contributors

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The History and Future Value of Endoscopic Intradiscal Therapy and Foraminoplasty

- Pp. 1-14 (14)
Anthony Yeung*, Kai-Uwe Lewandrowski
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Evidence Based Medicine versus Personalized Treatment of Symptomatic Conditions of the Spine Under Local Anesthesia: the Role of Endoscopic versus Spinal Fusion Surgery as a “Disruptive” Technique

- Pp. 15-24 (10)
Anthony Yeung, Kai-Uwe Lewandrowski*
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How to Generate the Superiority Evidence for Endoscopic Surgery for Common Lumbar Degenerative Conditions

- Pp. 25-37 (13)
Kai-Uwe Lewandrowski*, Jorge Felipe Ramírez León, Anthony Yeung
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An Exploratory Study Using the Anti-Anxiety Medication Buspirone for Driving Anxiety in Autism Spectrum Disorder

- Pp. 38-52 (15)
Sandeep Shah, Narendran Muraleedharan Basme, Vikram Sobti, Jorge Felipe Ramírez León, Kai-Uwe Lewandrowski*
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Postoperative Management of Sequelae, Complications, and Readmissions Following Outpatient Transforaminal Lumbar Endoscopy

- Pp. 53-77 (25)
Kai-Uwe Lewandrowski*, Jorge Felipe Ramírez León, Álvaro Dowling, Stefan Hellinger, Nicholas A Ransom, Anthony Yeung
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Laser Applications in Full Endoscopy of the Spine

- Pp. 78-110 (33)
Stefan Hellinger*, Anthony Yeung*, Friedrich Tieber, Paulo Sérgio Teixeira de Carvalho, André Luiz Calderaro, Kai-Uwe Lewandrowski
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High Frequency Surgery for the Treatment of Herniated Discs

- Pp. 111-135 (25)
Friedrich Tieber, Stefan Hellinger*, Hyeun-Sung Kim, Kai-Uwe Lewandrowski
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Lumbar MRI– How Useful is It in Surgical Decision Making for Spinal Endoscopy?

- Pp. 136-157 (22)
Kai-Uwe Lewandrowski*, Stefan Hellinger, Paulo de Carvalho, Max Rogério Freitas Ramos, Jorge Felipe Ramírez León
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Cost and Maintenance Management of Endoscopic Spine Systems

- Pp. 158-170 (13)
Friedrich Tieber, Stefan Hellinger, Kai-Uwe Lewandrowski*
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Regenerative Medicine and Interventional Endoscopic Pain Surgery for Degenerative Conditions of the Spine

- Pp. 171-201 (31)
Álvaro Dowling, Juan Carlos Vera, Kai-Uwe Lewandrowski*
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Transforaminal Epiduroscopic Basivertebral Nerve Laser Ablation for Chronic Low Back Pain Associated with Modic Changes

- Pp. 202-212 (11)
Byapak Paudel, Nitin Maruti Adsul, Hyeun Sung Kim*, Il-Tae Jang
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Uniportal Endoscopic Transforaminal Decompression Associated with Cylindrical Percutaneous Interspinous Spacer

- Pp. 213-225 (13)
R. Cantú-Leal*, R. Cantu-Longoria
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Awake Endoscopic Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion

- Pp. 226-242 (17)
Ibrahim Hussain*, Michael Y. Wang
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Endoscopic Transforaminal Lewlif™ Interbody Fusion with a Standalone Expandable Interbody Fusion Cage

- Pp. 243-257 (15)
Kai-Uwe Lewandrowski*, Jorge Felipe Ramírez León
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Endoscopic Intravertebral Canal Decompression after Spinal Fracture

- Pp. 258-265 (8)
Xifeng Zhang*, Lei-Ming Zhang, Jiang Letao
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Treatment of Lumbar Tuberculosis with Spinal Endoscopy

- Pp. 266-272 (7)
Xifeng Zhang*, Du Jianwei, Bu Rongqiang
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Treatment of Degenerative Scoliosis with Percutaneous Spinal Endoscopy Assisted Interbody Fusion and Percutaneous Pedicle Screw Fixation

- Pp. 273-280 (8)
Xifeng Zhang*, Du Jianwei, Lei-Ming Zhang, Wang Yu
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Treatment of Thoracic Meningioma with Spinal Canal Decompression under Spinal Endoscopy

- Pp. 281-286 (6)
Xifeng Zhang*, Lei-Ming Zhang, Yang Liu
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Cervical Endoscopic Unilateral Laminotomy for Bilateral Decompression (CE-ULBD) – A Technical Perspective

- Pp. 287-302 (16)
Vincent Hagel*, Kai-Uwe Lewandrowski
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Subject Index

- Pp. 303-314 (12)
Kai-Uwe Lewandrowski, Jorge Felipe Ramírez León, Anthony Yeung, ​Gun Choi, ​Stefan Hellinger, Álvaro Dowling
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