Authors: Diptonil Banerjee, Amit Kumar Sharma, Nirmalya Sankar Das

Nano Materials induced Removal of Textile Dyes from Waste Water

eBook: US $79 Special Offer (PDF + Printed Copy): US $126
Printed Copy: US $87
Library License: US $316
ISBN: 978-981-5050-30-1 (Print)
ISBN: 978-981-5050-29-5 (Online)
Year of Publication: 2022
DOI: 10.2174/97898150502951220101


Nanotechnology has progressed to the point where it can mimic natural systems such as porous membranes or the structure of leaves. Technological advances have resulted in a boom in the use of nanotechnology in different areas of engineering, including water purification systems. This book explores nanomaterials used for removing various textile dyes from water. It compiles 8 chapters that discuss the materials and nano systems used in these processes.

This reference is designed to provide answers to common questions for scholars, academicians and technologists about fundamentals of nanoscience and nanomaterial induced removal of textile dyes. College students (physics, chemistry and materials science, engineering) will be able to easily understand the subject matter.

Key Features:

  • - Covers the basics of nano systems, from synthesis to applications
  • - Explains the basics of nanomaterial behavior and characterization
  • - Describes the classifications of dyes
  • - Explains the interactions nanomaterials with different dyes
  • - Explains the reaction mechanisms of photocatalysis and the kinetics behind adsorption – two important methods for removing dyes from water
  • - Discusses nano systems that are useful for textile dye removal from water. 3 types of nano systems are included: carbon based, oxide based, polymer based or nitride based systems
  • - Includes references for further reading
  • - Simple presentation for easy and quick understanding of the subject


Scholars (PG, Grad and UG), academicians and technologists. College students (physics, chemistry and materials science, engineering).


It has been a long time since Feynman's pioneering lecture unlocked the world of Nanomaterials. A large number of extensive research works have already enlightened the properties and key applications of Nanoscience. Nano-science has been strongly correlated with quantum physics and chemistry. Most of the basic features of Nanoscience are basically extended from those two classic subjects. Thus, proper expertise in basic Nano-science is still not independent; it often requires a strong basic understanding of traditional subjects like advanced physics and chemistry. On the other hand, Nanoscience has already been applied from the smallest electronic chip to the large displays of modern smartphones. To extend the applications of Nanoscience in a further variety of sectors, the correlation between Nanoscience and Nanotechnology must be opened up in front of the general engineering community in addition to classic science scholars.

Another key aspect of nano-science is its mimicking nature. Different nanostructures have strong similarities with the natural pattern, and spontaneously open up their possible applications in different fields. One of such fields which is a matter of most acute concern nowadays is the environment. Actually, in science and technology, whatever be the fields of research, ultimately has a connection with either energy or the environment. It is an irony that from the very advent of scientific and technological development, we always harnessed energy issues with the cost of the environment. Now it is nature’s turn to repay the debt. As we know that today we are standing beneath a tremendous environmental crisis in terms of air, soil, water, noise and radioactive pollution, thus, a potential field of science and technology such as nanotechnology should be used to address the problem.

Keeping this in mind, this book brings a small effort of the authors to give the reader an idea of how nanomaterials may be used to address the environmental issue. As the entire topic is too vast, we have taken only a single part, i.e., water pollution, and even after that, we have only concentrated the textile dye-induced water pollution and their negative impact and have shown how nanomaterial, can help us in getting rid of this problem through various processes.

This book is properly designed to solve basic queries of common academicians and technologists about the fundamentals of Nanoscience and nanomaterial-induced removal of textile dyes. Its basic concepts, chronological development and applications have been thoroughly discussed with appropriate examples and comparisons. We strongly believe that this effort shall be very important and useful for the budding engineers and scientists who are interested in the environmental aspect of Nanoscience.

The efforts have been made so that the style of the writing can be kept simple and easy to understand, and the essence of the subject can be fed even to a school student. Also, we have tried to keep the volume of the book reasonable so that the journey into this subject from the introduction to the advanced application can be finished within a couple of hours, say within a certain four-hour journey from Kolkata to Mumbai. In our previous book (by DB and NSD), “Nano Science - Concepts and Fundamentals” published by NOLEGEIN (an imprint of Consortium e-Learning ISBN: 978-93-87376-77-9), we put our effort into making the beginner interested in the subject for further study and offer deep learning about a specific topic. Now in this venture, we have taken advancement one step forward to deal with a particular topic likenanomaterial-induced removal of textile dyes from water.

The entire book has been divided into eight chapters, of which the first two chapters are mainly related to history and basic science behind the technology and resemblances between nature and nano-science. Chapter 3 has been dedicated to discussing the ways and means of seeing nanomaterials, i.e., the basic principle of microscopies, mainly electron and scanning probe microscopes. Chapter 4 is all about the basics of textile dyes and their impact on the environment. In Chapter 5, we have given ideas about the basic structures and properties of a few nanomaterials having potential as dye remover. The next two chapters have detailed theories and experiments regarding ways and means of removing dyes through photocatalysis and adsorption. The last chapter is basically a concluding Chapter 5 discussing the efficiencies of different nanomaterials as dye remover.

We really enjoyed a lot writing this book and sincerely hope that readers will enjoy reading the book as well.

Last, it is a humble request of the author to the reader to kindly provide feedback, suggestions and unbiased, critical comment for further improvement of the book. Though we have tried our best to make the content of the book error-free still, if some mistakes are found, kindly let us know and thus help us to make the project perfect and error-free.




The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Diptonil Banerjee
Department of Physics
Faculty of Engineering and Computing Sciences
Teerthanker Mahaveer University
Moradabad, UP

Amit Kumar Sharma
Department of Physics
Faculty of Engineering and Computing Sciences
Teerthanker Mahaveer University
Moradabad, UP


Nirmalya Sankar Das
Department of Physics (BSH)
Techno International – Batanagar
Maheshtala, WB