Chapter 8

Challenges in Biomass Production for Biofuels

Maria J. Calderan-Rodrigues, Fabio V. Scarpare, João L. N. Carvalho, Camila Caldana, Marina C. M. Martins and Lucia Mattiello


Plant biomass is the feedstock for biofuel production. Efforts to maximize yield per unit of production area are of crucial importance in meeting the rising demand for renewable energy sources. Plantation, irrigation, use of fertilizers and pesticides, together with harvest, represent the major costs involved in biomass production. In this chapter we give a broad overview of (i) the factors influencing biomass yield (such as water and nutrients) and advances in cultivation technologies, discussing sustainability issues and the link of these practices with industry needs, and (ii) the relation of these conditions to the physiology of energy crops, presenting innovative technologies that can support management decisions. We will focus on sugarcane as a model for bioenergy crops.

Total Pages: 142-161 (20)

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.Advances in Biotechnology.
.Opportunities and Limitations for Biotechnology Innovation in Brazil.
.Agricultural and Food Biotechnology of  and Stone Fruits.
.Progress in Food Biotechnology.