Editors: Daniela M. Pampanin, Magne O. Sydnes

Petrogenic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Aquatic Environment: Analysis, Synthesis, Toxicity and Environmental Impact

eBook: US $69 Special Offer (PDF + Printed Copy): US $153
Printed Copy: US $119
Library License: US $276
ISBN: 978-1-68108-428-2 (Print)
ISBN: 978-1-68108-427-5 (Online)
Year of Publication: 2017
DOI: 10.2174/97816810842751170101

Introduction

Although a lot is known about the influence of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) on the marine environment, there are still many unanswered questions. Petrogenic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Aquatic Environment is a monograph that sums up basic knowledge about this topic while highlighting current research practices useful in studying the aquatic environment. It starts with an introduction to effect of PAH in the marine environment. It then proceeds to provide information on techniques to monitor PAH levels and investigate the affected environment in order to control the subsequent negative effects. Chapters also detail the carcinogenic and endocrine effects of PAHs on fish as well as the degradation of PAHs by microorganisms. This monograph is a useful reference for environmental science students and professionals learning about the role of PAH in the marine environment.

Foreword

Research about polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) as environmental stressors is a long term topic with multiple aspects. Its importance implies that we will not see any final papers within the area for a long time. As the research unfolds, both extensive global reviews and more limited reviews addressing recent or expected advances are needed. As new investigative methods emerge it is useful to sum up recent findings and the possible directions being opened to us. This is the purpose of this book.

The analysts now refer to the oil fingerprinting field as “petroleomics”, indicating how the field is advancing based on more powerful tools. The analytical advances are not only regarding the parent PAH compounds, but also the metabolized PAHs, known for their high hazardousness. High resolution mass spectrometry will probably soon lead to the detection of a wider range of metabolized and oxidised PAHs too, which will need follow up in different directions.

The analysts ability to synthesize reference PAH metabolites is one of them, and new research challenges will be posed regarding their potential environmental effects. Other logical following steps are revisits of the PAH compounds bioavailability, biodegradability and carcinogenicity. This is the reason these themes are taken up in this book, accompanied by other advances within each of their respective topics. Finally, suggestions are given to how the advances will open for new monitoring methods and strategies leading to one of our important goals: an improved control of a challenged marine environment for which there is an increasingly growing concern.

May this book be an important drop in the ocean that diminishes the PAH part of that concern and help fellow researchers and ourselves to be on top of this complex issue!

Steinar Sanni
International Research Institute of Stavanger
University of Stavanger
Norway


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