Editors: Pedro Romero-Aroca, Manuel Montero-Jaime

Echography in Ocular Pathology

Personal Book: US $39 Special Offer (PDF + Printed Copy): US $96
Printed Copy: US $77
Library Book: US $156
ISBN: 978-1-68108-033-8
eISBN: 978-1-68108-032-1 (Online)
Year of Publication: 2015

Introduction

This monograph expands on the ultrasound exploration of the ocular globe (or, in other words, the human eye) with a review of the current knowledge about ocular ultrasound techniques and its indications in ophthalmic pathology. Ocular echography has only been recently studied in greater detail by ophthalmologists thanks to new imaging techniques such as optical coherence tomography [OCT] and scanning lasers, which have become the preference in ocular exploration, relegating ultrasound to cases with poor fundus visualization. New ultrasound equipment with multi-frequency linear probes between 15 to 18 MHz, also permits technicians to observe ocular structures with greater detail. A key aspect of ultrasound is its dynamic capability, which allows assessing the displacement of intraocular structures and their relation to the different eye layers. This is crucial in diagnosing retina pathologies that can affect the outcome of cataract surgery. Ocular echography is also an excellent option to determine retinal lesions in cases of ocular tumors (choroid melanoma) as it is also a differential diagnosis for other tumors (metastasic tumors or hemangiomas). The book also includes a chapter on the use of Color-Doppler ocular examinations in the diagnosis of ocular vasculopathies (arterial or venous occlusions).

Echography in Ocular Pathology empowers readers – ophthalmologists and clinical technicians – with the knowledge to diagnose different eye pathologies and thus ameliorate ophthalmic patient management.

Foreword

When the authors proposed the realization of this book thought it might be useful for both ophthalmologists, and radiologists, and while ophthalmologists hubs tend to perform their scans, mostly other practices of ultrasound an performed only by radiologists. We intend, therefore, that this work will be useful for clinical practice and understanding of the images obtained by ultrasound, being directed to these various health professionals and to all those to whom it may concern the interpretation of ocular ultrasound. The introduction of the application of ultrasound in ocular exploration started in 1956 with the first publication of Mundt and Hughues on the usefulness of echography in the diagnosis of intraocular tumors from that time, till now, there have been several improvements, especially, since the introduction of ultrasound contact type B introduced by Bronson in 1972 then, the need to calculate the power of intraocular lenses in cataract surgery, added a new impetus with the emergence of biometrics. The latest changes in the ultrasound scan of the eye with ultrasound techniques including use of different frequencies, can sometimes confuse and complicate their proper use, we will guide the reader and provide as much information as possible. It is the intent of the authors to make an extensive review of ultrasound applied to the eye examination, and making the reader to understand that ultrasound, is helpful, especially to compare the images obtained with those achieved with other diagnostic eye as computed tomography, magnetic resonance, 18FDG-PET/CT scans, and other ophthalmic techniques as retinography or the optical coherence tomography.

Francesc Ferrer Masip
President of Radiologists of Catalonia
Spain



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