Editors: "Subhash C. Basak", "Guillermo Restrepo", "José L. Villaveces"

Advances in Mathematical Chemistry and Applications

Volume 1

Personal Book: US $79 Special Offer (PDF + Printed Copy): US $158
Printed Copy: US $119
Library Book: US $316
ISSN: 2542-369X
eISSN: 2352-7668 (Online)
ISBN: 978-1-60805-929-4
eISBN: 978-1-60805-928-7 (Online)
DOI: 10.2174/97816080592871140101

Introduction

“Advances in Mathematical Chemistry and Applications, Volume 1” highlights the emerging discipline of mathematical chemistry, or, more precisely, discrete mathematical chemistry.

This volume is written by internationally renowned experts in the field. It comprises of a wise integration of mathematical and chemical concepts and covers numerous applications in the field of drug discovery, bioinformatics, chemoinformatics, computational biology and ecological health.

The contents of this book include chapters on mathematical structural descriptors of molecules and biomolecules, topological representation of molecular structure, connectivity matrices, use of weighted 2D Fingerprints in similarity-based virtual screening and much more.

This ebook is a valuable resource for MSc and PhD students, academic personnel and researchers seeking updated and critically important information on the fundamental concepts of mathematical chemistry and their applications.

Indexed in: Book Citation Index, Science Edition, EBSCO.

Foreword

To the edifice of Mathematical Chemistry, a new brick is being added by the present book, edited by S. C. Basak, G. Restrepo and J. L. Villaveces. During the last three decades, Dr. Subhash C. Basak’s (the “apostle to USA and India”) persistent efforts have led to many international symposia centered on Mathematical Chemistry and held either at the University of Minnesota Duluth- Natural Resources Research Institute (UMD-NRRII), Duluth, Minnesota, USA, or at various locations in India. The second editor, Dr. Guilermo Restrepo, is the “apostle to Latin America”, who organized a few recent symposia in Colombia; he co-authored two chapters in this book: one deals with similarity in molecular structure reflected in similarity of chemical reactions and then in similarity of reaction networks; the other chapter presents a comparison between statistical methods for analyzing physical and chemical features determining how chemical elements combine into substances.

An important feature is the fact that from the 26 chapters, seven have been written by the scientists who initiated the research in the respective field. Thus, Professors A. Kerber and C. Rücker with several collaborators describe their latest version of the computer program MOLGEN 5.0 for molecular generation. Dr. A. Nandy reviews the beginnings and present status of graphical representations for DNA, RNA, and protein sequences – the very essence of life on our planet. Professor D. Bonchev’s overall topological representation of molecular structure is the topic of an interesting chapter; the newly developed Bourgas indices, which are real numbers, offer a promise as discriminating molecular descriptors for measuring graph complexity and centrality. Molecular topology is also the topic of a chapter by J. Gálvez and his collaborators, which provides a pedagogical approach to the development and use of topological indices for drug design. N. Trinajstić with two coworkers presents for acyclic graphs the matrices and derived topological indices that result from summing or multiplying local graph invariants (vertices or edges). P. Willett and two coworkers review similarity-based virtual screening of molecules for bioactivity based on weighted two-dimensional fingerprint fragments. Last but not least, S. C. Basak’s chapter discusses the factors that have led to the rapid development of discrete mathematical applications in chemistry during the last few decades; one of these factors has been the development of hardware and software allowing the exploration of large chemical databases for physical and biochemical properties, enabling computer-aided drug design to become an indispensable tool of the pharmaceutical industry.

Among topics dealing with biomedical applications, mention should be made of chapters describing: (i) computational methods (molecular docking and dynamics) for the molecular design of substances that inhibit sensing systems; (ii) pharmacophore models for repellants and biocides against insects or protozoa; (iii) factors influencing protein folding and how to control them; (iv) for the more restricted class of proteins that are metalloenzymes, critical evaluations of quantum-chemical methods for explaining the catalytic activity; (v) computer-aided drug design for antitubercular compounds based on structural descriptors; (vi) for an analogous purpose, various QSAR models exemplified by five toxicological studies using the program CAESAR; (vii) QSAR modeling of toxicity for marine algae; (viii) drug-likeness evaluated by comparison with known drug databases and databases for bioactive molecules that are not drugs.

Finally, the reader will also find interesting chapters on (i) topological ranking of fullerene stability; (ii) molecular descriptors with high discriminating ability, i.e. low degeneracy; (iii) the periodicity of di-, tri-, and tetra-atomic molecules (iv) molecular taxonomy, extended to various types of elementary particles, not only atoms; (v) statistical methodology to be employed in QSAR/QSPR when the number of properties exceeds the number of structures;(vi) so-called comparability graphs for analyzing molecular graphs and network data; (vii) using point set topology for chemical and biochemical; applications; (viii) employing conceptual density functional theory for a deeper understanding of chemical reactivity.

Students, professors, and anyone interested in chemical or biomedical research based on discrete applied mathematics will profit from reading this book.

Alexandru T. Balaban
Emeritus Professor
Texas A&M University at Galveston
USA


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