Editor: Claudio Santi

Organoselenium Chemistry: Between Synthesis and Biochemistry

Personal Book: US $89 Special Offer (PDF + Printed Copy): US $185
Printed Copy: US $140
Library Book: US $356
ISBN: 978-1-60805-839-6
eISBN: 978-1-60805-838-9 (Online)
Year of Publication: 2014
DOI: 10.2174/97816080583891140101

Introduction

The use of organoselenium reagents as catalysts is a common thread that runs through the chapters of this book, introducing important aspects of the modern organoselenium chemistry: organocatalysis, green chemistry, bioinspiration, antioxidant activity. The eBook covers the most recent developments in the classical synthetic application of organoselenium reagents such as electrophilic, nucleophilic and free radical reagents. The volume also features a discussion on the synthesis and the synthetic applications of some emerging classes of selenium compounds such as hypervalent selenium species and selenoamides, and also addresses some biological aspects such as the antimicrobial activity of organoselenium derivatives and the biochemistry of selenoproteins. A number of eminent scientists from different research groups were involved in the preparation of the 13 chapters of the book, making Organoselenium Chemistry: Between Synthesis and Biochemistry an excellent reference about selenium chemistry for researchers and graduate students in the field of selenium chemistry.

Indexed in: Book Citation Index, Science Edition, EBSCO.

Preface

In 1817, Jakob Berzelius discovered selenium in the sludge of the lead chambers of the sulphuric acid chamber process of a plant at Gripsholm. Because of its characteristic smelling of tellurium, (tellus = hearth), he named the new element from the Greek word “σελήυη” (Selḕnḕ) meaning goddess of the Moon.

For a long time selenium was considered mainly as a toxic element, and it is currently debated if Marco Polo was the first to write about selenium poisoning. He went to China in 1271 via the ancient Silk Road and in his travelogue in 1295, he wrote that a toxic wild plant collected in the today's Gansu Province killed many cattle.

In 1957 it was found to be an essential trace element as component of the 21th amino acid, selenocysteine and in 1973 the first selenoenzyme, glutathione peroxidase, was isolated. And characterized the development of the organoselenium chemistry has been strongly increased during the last fifty years and nowadays these compounds are efficiently used as intermediates and/or catalysts in a number of organic synthesis: At the same time organoselenium derivatives are currently object of wide investigations for their biological activity, especially, as antiviral, antimicrobial, anticancer, anti-inflammatory and GPx-like mimetics.

This book cover the most recent developments in the field of the classical synthetic application of organoselenium reagents such as electrophilic, nucleophilic and radical reagents focusing the discussion also on the synthesis and the synthetic applications of some emerging classes of compounds such as the hypervalent selenium species and the selenoamides. The use of organoselenium reagents as catalysts is a common thread that runs through the chapters of the book introducing new important aspects of the modern organoselenium chemistry: organocatalysis, green chemistry, bioinspiration, antioxidant activity.

The book also addresses more biological issues such as the antimicrobial activity of organoselenium derivatives and the biochemistry of selenium from the aliments to the selenoproteins.

I’d like to thanks and underline the precious contribute of the 27 distinguished scientists that decided to share their expertise on producing this volume that is the first multidisciplinary approach to the constantly in progress world of organoselenium compounds.

I hope that this book will be read with interest not only by experts but also by students and any other researcher and chemist.

Claudio Santi
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Lab of Catalysis and Green Chemistry
University of Perugia Via del Liceo 1 06100 Perugia
Italy

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