Editors: Atta-ur-Rahman, Muhammad Iqbal Choudhary, George Perry

Recent Advances in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 1

eBook: US $199 Special Offer (PDF + Printed Copy): US $304
Printed Copy: US $205
Library License: US $796
ISSN: 2215-0722 (Print)
ISBN: 978-1-60805-797-9 (Print)
ISBN: 978-1-60805-796-2 (Online)
Year of Publication: 2014
DOI: 10.2174/97816080579621140101

Introduction

Recent advances in Medicinal Chemistry is a book series focused on leading-edge research on developments in rational drug design, synthetic chemistry, bioorganic chemistry, high-throughput screening, combinatorial chemistry, drug targets, and natural product research and structure-activity relationship studies. The series presents highly cited contributions first published in the impact factor journal Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry. Contributors to this volume have updated their work with new experimental data and references following their initial research. Each volume highlights a number of important topics in current research in medicinal chemistry.

Selected chapters in this volume include:

  • - Characterization of Inorganic Nanomaterials as Therapeutic Vehicles
  • - HPLC and its Essential Role in the Analysis of Tricyclic Antidepressants in Biological Samples
  • - Tannins and Their Influence on Health

… And much more.

Foreword

The 1st volume of “Recent Adances in Medicinal Chemistry” offers a very rich panorama of authoritative reviews covering old , as well as new, unexpected issues. Once established, drugs rarely become undisputed therapeutic weapons against one specific kind of disease and reevaluations of such drugs needs to be carried out regularly. The present volume does indeed provide a number of such reevaluations, as, for instance, the aureolic acid group of anti-cancer drugs and the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Chakraborty et al.). In the ever-expanding collection of anti-cancer drugs, the aromatase inhibitor tamoxifen has long been the gold standard to treat hormone-receptor positive, early forms of breast cancer. However, new generation aromatase inhibitors show definitive advantages over tamoxifen and these advantages are discussed by Colozza et al. On the same subject, the precise identification of estrogen receptors is becoming of prime importance in deciding which inhibitor to use (Nagai M. and Brentani M.M.).

The already widespread utilization of statins may further extend to neoplastic diseases, as statins were shown to inhibit Rho-GTPases (often hyperexpressed in tumors) by inhibiting the synthesis of their prenyl groups (C. Riganti).

New molecules such as plant glycosides (saponins) display anti-tumor activity that could be utilized in combination with existing anti-tumor compounds (C. Bachran et al.).

Chemoprevention undoubtedly offers effective means to delay or altogether prevent the development of most diseases. Macáková et al., discuss extensively the protective effects of tannins, a group of natural polyphenols with anti-oxidant activity. On the same line, Young et al., consider the activity of carotenoids in the chemoprevention of prostate cancer.

Delivery of pharmacologically active compounds and drugs was always of importance to ascertain that active molecules preferentially reach their target cells or tissues, and Murakami et al., review the recent advances in nanoparticular vehicles.

Antimicrobials are acutely needed to treat bacterial diseases, especially those caused by micro-organisms resistant to existing antibiotics. Pérez-Castillo et al., review how the 3-D structure of the targeted bacterial enzyme may be utilized to design new antibiotics.

Enzymatic activities are essential to carry out biological functions and their perturbations are often caused by disturbances of the intracellular redox potential. In this respect, Nagahara reports on the mechanisms to maintain the cellular redox equilibrium. The plasma membrane redox system is an important property of plasma membranes. In particular, Avigliano et al., review the plasma membrane redox system of blood platelets and the role of anti-oxidant vitamins in this context.

The acute spinal cord injuries (traumatic) represent an unsolved problem in medicine. H. Mestre et al., elaborate on the ongoing efforts made to develop a pharmacological way to ensure the neuroprotection of the injured spine.

The precise assessement of the levels of pharmacologically active molecules in patients needs to be met and Samanidou et al., review how HPLC (high-performance liquid chromatography) can be utilized to monitor the levels of tricyclic anti-depressants.

Lastly, Santucci et al., review chosen instances where misfolded proteins cause pathologies, namely how non-native forms of cytochrome c are involved in apoptosis triggering and participate in amyloid formation.

By the variety of subjects reviewed dealing with chemoprevention and treatment of common diseases, the changing scope of action of medicinal chemistry is illustrated in this volume. It is indeed quite possible that our physiology and pathologies also evolve comcomittantly with the drugs we take to prevent or treat diseases.

Daniel C. Hoessli
Panjwani Center for Molecular Medicine and Drug Research
International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences
University of Karachi, Karachi-75270
Pakistan


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