This Ebook covers the emerging and most important theories underlying artificial intelligence applications in a variety of medical problems. It is written for physicians, researchers, engineers, statisticians and advanced students who wish to increase their familiarity with different topics of modern mathematics related to predictive medicine. Both theoretical and applied aspects are presented in this book. Many illustrative mathematical explanations and worked-out examples are given. This book features contributions by nine noted experts from leading medical centers worldwide, which should prove to be of considerable interest to the readers.