Authors: Dibakar Chandra Deka, Satya Ranjan Neog

Agricultural Benefits of Postharvest Banana Plants

eBook: US $49 Special Offer (PDF + Printed Copy): US $88
Printed Copy: US $64
Library License: US $196
ISBN: 978-981-18-0161-7 (Print)
ISBN: 978-981-18-0163-1 (Online)
Year of Publication: 2021
DOI: 10.2174/97898118016311210101

Introduction

Banana farming is the basis for commercial fruit trading. Every banana plant generates waste biomass nearly ten times the quantity of its fruits. Disposal of waste biomass is a burden for the farmers. Economical use of the waste biomass can bring financial benefit to banana farmers. Use of organic potash in lieu of inorganic potash affords higher yield and also helps to preserve the ecosphere of soil for subsequent crops. Agricultural Benefits of Postharvest Banana Plants details the use of postharvest banana plants for agriculture and trade. Eleven chapters explain both traditional and modern uses of banana plants. The reader is informed how bio-waste from postharvest banana plants (including their stems) can be used as organic potash to replace inorganic potash (muriate of potash) in fertilizer. Experimental uses of banana plant pseudo-stem juice for growing different crops along with chemical analysis of the pseudo-stems are explained in separate chapters. Isolations of potassium chloride and potassium carbonate have also been discussed in the latter part of the book.

This book is an ideal handbook for professionals and trainees interested in utilizing postharvest banana plants for sustainable agriculture and trade. The information is also useful for students and teachers involved in agricultural biotechnology and traditional agriculture courses.

Preface

This book reports a simple method of recycling banana farm bio-waste, thus helping farmers to make wealth out of waste.

Potassium is a major plant nutrient, and recycling it between plants and soil serves the best interest of both. Banana plant absorbs huge amount of potassium from soil and distributes between the trunk (pseudo-stem) and the fruits. Banana plants give fruits only once, and volume of pseudo-stem generated is five to ten times of fruits. Naturally, banana farming generates a huge quantity of biomasses and leads to severe depletion of soil potassium. This book reports how part of the depleted potassium can be restored to soil.

Banana is a major crop in at least 135 countries world over, and more than 150 million MT banana fruits are produced every year. This much of banana production is associated with 750 to 1500 million MT of bio-waste, and this much bio-waste is equivalent to 2.2213 to 4.4427 billion MT of muriate of potash (MOP). We are reporting to show how to use banana plant pseudo-stem in lieu of MOP to grow five different crops on experimental basis. Undoubtedly, our experiments may be extended to cover many other crops. The use of pseudo-stem juice as the substitute for potash not only restores soil potassium but also enhances crop yields minimum 10% up to about 60%.

The book consists of eleven chapters. The chapters include analysis of banana plant pseudo-stem juice and fibers. Details of farming procedures and crop yield analysis along with colored pictures are provided. Prospective uses of pseudo-stem fibers are also discussed. Further scope of research and development is discussed in the last chapter. A glossary of important terminologies and abbreviations is also provided for the convenience of the readers.

While conducting research, scientists should keep in mind the service to the society and must take utmost care to preserve the virginity of the environment. The use of banana plant pseudo-stem to grow other crops would serve both these dual purposes. It would bring additional value to banana farming, thus helping farmers in improving their economic conditions ; at the same time, it would protect the soil environment from harmful effects of chemical fertilizers. I wish that the objective of the book would be inspiring for others to take up works with similar spirits.

CONSENT FOR PUBLICATION

Not applicable.

CONFLICT OF INTEREST

The author declares no conflict of interest, financial or otherwise.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Declared none.

Dibakar Chandra Deka
Vice-Chancellor,
Madhabdev University
Narayanpur, Assam
India

&

Satya Ranjan Neog
Associate Professor of Chemistry,
Dhakuakhana College
Lakhimpur, Assam
India

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