Editor: Toshiyuki Takahashi

Series Title: Marine Ecology: Current and Future Developments

Monitoring Artificial Materials and Microbes in Marine Ecosystems: Interactions and Assessment Methods

Volume 2

eBook: US $99 Special Offer (PDF + Printed Copy): US $168.5
Printed Copy: US $119
Library License: US $396
ISSN: 2661-4677 (Print)
ISSN: 2661-4685 (Online)
ISBN: 978-981-14-3723-6 (Print)
ISBN: 978-981-14-3725-0 (Online)
Year of Publication: 2020
DOI: 10.2174/97898114372501200201

Introduction

Marine ecosystems offer several benefits to human communities. To make sustainable use of these benefits, it is necessary to elucidate and conserve marine ecology, and strive to maintain a sustainable natural resource management program. For this reason, understanding the diversity and behavior of both macro-ecosystems and micro-ecosystems are crucial.

Monitoring Artificial Materials and Microbes in Marine Ecosystems explores microbial roles and their interaction with artificial materials in marine environments. After starting with simple topics for beginners, chapters explore methods to detect microorganisms in marine ecosystems and interactions of marine organisms with artificial materials. The sequential progression into advanced topics makes it easier to understand how to solve the reduction in marine-ecosystem viability caused by adverse events. Readers are provided with useful information for rehabilitating marine environments to make them sustainable for communities.

Topics are covered in 3 parts:

Part 1 is an introductory guide to marine ecosystems and environmental monitoring assessment. Readers are introduced to coral reef ecosystems, algal blooms and the role of environmental monitoring services in maintaining and restoring the quality of marine environments. This is followed by examples of sustainable marine environment assessment.

Part 2 provides information about methods to detect microorganisms (viruses and bacteria) and evaluate marine environments. This includes sample enrichment methods, electrochemical analysis, and single-cell imaging techniques. The highly sensitive and specific techniques presented in the book, are applicable in a wide variety of situations.

Part 3 is dedicated to interactions between artificial metallic materials and microorganisms in marine environments. Chapters in this section share results from several experiments conducted to separate microorganisms and biofilms from such environments.

This book is intended primarily for marine ecologists, microbiologists, environmental engineers, and engineers associated with industrial projects. This book is also useful as a text for undergraduate and graduate-level courses in marine biology, ecology, and microbiology.

Preface

- Pp. i-ii (2)
Toshiyuki Takahashi
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List of Contributors

- Pp. iii-iv (2)
Toshiyuki Takahashi
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Coral Reef Ecosystems in Marine Environments

- Pp. 1-10 (10)
Naoko Isomura

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Marine Polymers as Ecofriendly Alternatives to Petroleum-Based Plastics

- Pp. 11-21 (11)
Minato Wakisaka

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Application of Marine Polymers for Seagrass Bed Restoration and Marine Ecosystem Services Preservation

- Pp. 22-29 (8)
Minato Wakisaka

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Relationship between Algal Blooms and Marine- Ecosystem Services

- Pp. 30-40 (11)
Toshiyuki Takahashi

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Some Background on Conventional Environmental Evaluations

- Pp. 41-53 (13)
Hotaka Kai

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Examples of Sustainable Marine Environmental Assessments

- Pp. 54-66 (13)
Mitsuo Yamamoto

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A Sequence Between Microfouling and Macrofouling in Marine Biofouling

- Pp. 67-80 (14)
Hideyuki Kanematsu and Dana M. Barry

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Introduction to Methods for Collection, Detection, and Evaluation of Microbes

- Pp. 81-88 (8)
Toshiyuki Takahashi

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A Membrane-Free Alternative Method for Concentration of Live Microorganisms by Foam Separation

- Pp. 89-99 (11)
Yoshihiro Suzuki

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A Novel Method Using a Potential-Controlled Electrode for Screening Difficult-to-Cultivate Microorganisms

- Pp. 100-111 (12)
Sumihiro Koyama

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Isolation of Vanadium-Accumulating or -Reducing Bacteria from Ascidians and Their Functional Analysis

- Pp. 112-125 (14)
Tatsuya Ueki, Tri Kustono Adi and Romaidi

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Electrochemical Detection of Microorganisms Using an Electrochemical Quartz Crystal Microbalance

- Pp. 126-136 (11)
Takeshi Kougo

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In-situ Observation of Biofilms in Physiological Salt Water by Scanning Ion Conductance Microscopy

- Pp. 137-147 (11)
Nobumitsu Hirai, Futoshi Iwata and Hideyuki Kanematsu

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Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorting (FACS)-Based Characterization of Microalgae

- Pp. 148-160 (13)
Bogdan I. Gerashchenko

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Single-Cell Imaging and Sequencing-Based Detection of Microorganisms Using Highly Sensitive Fluorescence in situ Hybridization (FISH)

- Pp. 161-176 (16)
Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi and Shuji Kawakami

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Biofilm on Materials` Surfaces in Marine Environments

- Pp. 177-187 (11)
Hideyuki Kanematsu and Dana M. Barry

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Effect of Metallic Nanoparticle-Dispersed Silane- Based Polymer Coatings on Anti-Biofilm Formation

- Pp. 188-201 (14)
Akiko Ogawa and Katsuhiko Sano

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Chemical Characteristics of Steelmaking Slag in Aqueous Environments

- Pp. 202-213 (12)
Seiji Yokoyama

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Utilization of Steelmaking Slag in Sea Areas

- Pp. 214-242 (29)
Ryo Inoue

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Elution of Rehabilitation Material Made from Steelmaking Slag for Coastal Environments

- Pp. 243-254 (12)
Hiroyuki Matsuura

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Effects of Eluate Components from Steelmaking Slag on Microalgae

- Pp. 255-266 (12)
Toshiyuki Takahashi

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Development of Regeneration Technology for a Seaweed Bed

- Pp. 267-277 (11)
Chika Kosugi and Toshiaki Kato

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Subject Index

- Pp. 278-281 (4)
Toshiyuki Takahashi
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