Bio-Inspired Materials

Book Series: Frontiers in Biomaterials

Volume 6

by

Ulisses Targino Bezerra, Heber Sivini Ferreira, Normando Perazzo Barbosa

DOI: 10.2174/97898114068981190601
eISBN: 978-981-14-0689-8, 2019
ISBN: 978-981-14-0688-1
ISSN: 2468-0168 (Print)
ISSN: 2352-3921 (Online)



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Nature has provided opportunities for scientists to observe patterns in biomaterials which can be imitated when designing construction ma...[view complete introduction]
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Table of Contents

Preface

- Pp. i-ii (2)
Ulisses Targino Bezerra, Heber Sivini Ferreira and Normando Perazzo Barbosa
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List of Contributors

- Pp. iii-iv (2)
Ulisses Targino Bezerra, Heber Sivini Ferreira and Normando Perazzo Barbosa
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Bio-Pulse Oscillations Driven Design of Kinetic Structures

- Pp. 1-25 (25)
Marios C. Phocas, Odysseas Kontovourkis and Niki I. Georgiou

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Truss Material Reduction Provided by the Golden Ratio

- Pp. 26-37 (12)
Ulisses Targino Bezerra

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Complexity and Adaptability in Nature and Society

- Pp. 38-52 (15)
George Rzevski

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Without Inner Walls: A Concept of the Café’s House

- Pp. 53-72 (20)
Theofilo Barreto Moreira Oliveira and Ulisses Targino Bezerra

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Similarity Between Particle Packing in Concrete and in Nature

- Pp. 73-96 (24)
Piet Stroeven and Kai Li

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Current Developments and Future Needs for Natural Earth Construction: A State-of-the-Art Review

- Pp. 97-126 (30)
Ana Cecilia Vieira Nobrega and Normando Perazzo Barbosa

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Bio-inspired Design with Bamboo

- Pp. 127-159 (33)
Normando Perazzo Barbosa, Jose Augusto Gomes Neto, Sandra Reyes Ortiz and Khosrow Ghavami

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Frontiers in Bio-Inspired Mineralization: Addressing Mimesis of Four-Dimensional, Hierarchical, and Nonclassical Growth Characteristics of Biominerals

- Pp. 160-176 (17)
Stephan E. Wolf, Martina Schußler, Corinna F. Bohm and Benedikt Demmert

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Sustainable and Safe Construction Biomaterials: Biocements and Biogrouts

- Pp. 177-193 (17)
Volodymyr Ivanov and Viktor Stabnikov

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Interaction Between Natural Fibres and Synthetic Polymers

- Pp. 194-224 (31)
Alejandro Manzano-Ramírez, Mario Villalon and Jose Luis Reyes Araiza

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Subject Index

- Pp. 225-232 (8)
Ulisses Targino Bezerra, Heber Sivini Ferreira and Normando Perazzo Barbosa
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Preface

One of the precursors of the current concepts of “bionics”, “biomimetics”, and “biomimicry” was the Italian, Leonardo da Vinci who, while observing the surrounding world, conceived extraordinary contemplating works and imitation of nature. Two examples are worth noting: the conception of a helicopter from a dragonfly and the design of an ornithopter from the birds and the bat.

The history of science has many examples of the use of materials and/or techniques aiming at certain finality and, after some optimizations and developments, the starting idea is deviated towards further ends, creating innovative products, consequently. This kind of change, all natural, seems to result in the consolidation of the three concepts, cited above. Created from the 50s of the 20th century, these three concepts have caused some misconceptions in the scientific community due to the similarity of their definitions. It can be said that biomimetics is the area of science that studies processes of nature and applies them in everyday problems; bionics is the area of science that studies processes of nature and applies them to technology by means of machines and/or equipment with no concern about the sustainability and/or ethics; while the most recent concept, biomimicry, follows the concept of bionics, ethics and sustainability. The bionics is more objective and focused on immediate results, without concerns with the man-ethics or the nature-sustainability relationships, while the biomimicry is more focused on the respect for nature and its imitation with sustainability (which is improbable to achieve, given the challenge to succeed at an entirely sustainable process). This means that the bionics has a broader scope, immediate and of easy reach, than better biomimicry.

This book covers some aspects of these frontiers of science and is divided into 3 sections:

  1. Frontiers in bionics design;
  2. Frontiers in bio-inspired construction; and
  3. Frontiers in bio-materials.

Each section has some manuscripts that aim at addressing the most recent advances of the desired and expected relationship between human and nature. This relationship also includes political connotations, once the following question is valid: which political regime, form of government or production system would be able to live in harmony with nature?

Section (i) presents the subjects that clarify the direct observation of nature and its use under human aspects, as the case of the construction of surfaces with controlled roughness for applications in high-friction conditions, or the case of textures similar to natural ones, or the observation of the mechanism of mosquito stings and the consequent design of a more efficient drill for medical purposes. Ultimately, it cannot be forgotten that the search for better accommodation/compression of materials and the higher organization/reduction of mechanical stress in structures was made by the humans by extensive observation of nature.

Due to the personal character of the authors and their dedication to research in civil construction, Section (ii) is devoted to all who are dedicated to what can be defined as “artificial construction” of the Earth, in other words, the construction performed by the humans without prioritizing the future. This section addresses the issues on geopolymers (inorganic polymers), materials that resemble the structure of soils and natural rocks; procedures that reduce the damage caused by earthquakes in natural construction; development of superplasticizers from vegetable resins and construction principles using bamboo, as a construction material.

The last section embodies all other subjects not yet covered and takes a look into the future towards the improvement of human living conditions. The goal is to make the human species learn more about nature to live harmonically with it. The life cycle of biomaterials is analyzed, using a new concept of maintenance (here “maintenance” is no longer characterized by periodic interventions performed by humans, but becomes something natural, where maintenance mechanisms are capable of self-regulating, since they are conceived through the biomimetic way).

The structure of this book covers areas of knowledge that have received more contributions from new concepts of bionics, biomimicry, and biomimetics. It is expected to achieve the release of this new world view and further: it is expected that humanity awakes from its lethargy regarding aggressions against nature and starts to think more in the biomimetic way.

Finally, this book is devoted to all the professionals and students who still believe, or have come to believe, that the world can become much better.

Let the burden of the future be light!

Dr. Ulisses Targino Bezerra
Federal Institute of Paraíba - IFPB,
Civil Construction Av. Primeiro de Maio,
720, Jaguaribe, zipcode 58.015-435,
João Pessoa-PB, Brazil
E-mail: dartarios@yahoo.com.br

Dr. Heber Sivini Ferreira
Federal University of Paraíba - UFPB,
Department of Engineering and Materials Science
City University, S/N, Castelo Branco,
zipcode 58.051-085,
João Pessoa-PB, Brazil
E-mail: hebersivini@gmail.com

&

Dr. Normando Perazzo Barbosa
Federal University of Paraíba - UFPB,
Department of Civil Engineering
City University, S/N, Castelo Branco,
zipcode 58.051-085,
João Pessoa-PB, Brazil
E-mail: nperazzob@yahoo.com.br

List of Contributors

Editor(s):
Ulisses Targino Bezerra
Federal Institute of Paraíba - IFPB, Civil Construction
Av. Primeiro de Maio, 720, Jaguaribe, zipcode 58.015-435
João Pessoa-PB
Brazil


Heber Sivini Ferreira
Department of Engineering and Materials Science City University, S/N
Federal University of Paraíba - UFPB
Castelo Branco, zipcode 58.051-085, João Pessoa-PB
Brazil


Normando Perazzo Barbosa
Federal University of Paraíba - UFPB, Department of Civil Engineering
City University, S/N, Castelo Branco, zipcode 58.051-085
João Pessoa-PB
Brazil




Contributor(s):
Alejandro Manzano-Ramírez
Fraccionamiento Real de Juriquilla
CINVESTAV-Querétaro, Libramiento Norponiente # 2000
Querétaro, Qro
México


Ana Cecilia Vieira Nóbrega
Department of Civil Engineering
Federal University of Pernambuco
Recife-PE
Brazil


Benedikt Demmert
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Institute of Glass and Ceramics (WW3), Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Martensstrasse 5
Erlangen
Germany


Corinna F. Böhm
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Institute of Glass and Ceramics (WW3), Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Martensstrasse 5
Erlangen
Germany


Eng. Kai Li
College of Civil Engineering
Hunan University
Hunan Sheng
China


Eng. Piet Stroeven
Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences
Delft University of Technology
Delft
The Netherlands


George Rzevski
Centre for Complexity and Design
The Open University
Milton Keynes
UK


José Augusto Gomes Neto
Federal University of Paraíba
João Pessoa-PB
Brazil


José Luis Reyes Araiza
C. U. Cerro de las Campanas, Centro
DIPFI, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro,
Querétaro, Qro
México


Khosrow Ghavami
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
Brazil


Mario Villalón
Av. Playa Pie de la Cuesta, No. 702, Desarrollo San Pablo
Centro de Ingeniería y Desarrollo Industrial (CIDESI)
Santiago de Querétaro, Qro
México


Marios C. Phocas
Department of Architecture
University of Cyprus
Nicosia
Cyprus


Martina Schüßler
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Institute of Glass and Ceramics (WW3), Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Martensstrasse 5
Erlangen
Germany


Niki I. Georgiou
Department of Architecture
University of Cyprus
Nicosia
Cyprus


Normando Perazzo Barbosa
Dept. of Civil Engineering
Federal University of Pernambuco
João Pessoa
PB
Brazil


Odysseas Kontovourkis
Department of Architecture
University of Cyprus
Nicosia
Cyprus


Sandra Reyes Ortiz
Federal University of Paraíba
João Pessoa-PB
Brazil


Stephan E. Wolf
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Institute of Glass and Ceramics (WW3), Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Martensstrasse 5
Erlangen
Germany
/
Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Haberstrasse 9a
Interdisciplinary Center for Functional Particle Systems (FPS)
Erlangen
Germany


Theófilo Barreto Moreira Oliveira
Federal University of Paraíba, Campus Mamanguape
Brazil


Ulisses Targino Bezerra
Federal Institute of Paraíba-IFPB, Civil Construction
Av. Primeiro de Maio, 720, Jaguaribe, zipcode 58.
João Pessoa
PB
Brazil


Viktor Stabnikov
National University of Food Technologies
Kyiv
Ukraine


Volodymyr Ivanov
National University of Food Technologies
Kyiv
Ukraine




Reviews

Review 1

"...a good reference for anyone interested in bioinspired construction materials."

Mariana Fraga

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil


Review 2

"...interesting and stimulating... ...a diverse resource."

Justin Hargreaves

University of Glasgow, UK


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