Editor: Fabrizio Bruschi

Water-borne Protozoa in Humans

Volume 2

eBook: US $49 Special Offer (PDF + Printed Copy): US $143
Printed Copy: US $119
Library License: US $196
ISSN: 2542-4211 (Print)
ISSN: 2542-422X (Online)
ISBN: 978-1-68108-434-3 (Print)
ISBN: 978-1-68108-433-6 (Online)
Year of Publication: 2017
DOI: 10.2174/97816810843361170201

Introduction

Several parasites are able to spread diseases through contaminated water. While the spread of diseases through contaminated water appears to have a greater correlation with a lack of access to clean water in low income populations in developing countries, there have been outbreaks of water-borne diseases in developed countries. Therefore, addressing water-borne diseases is a major public health concern worldwide. Water-borne Protozoa in Humans is a guide to protozoan infections linked to contaminated water.

Each chapter of this monograph covers the history, morphology, life cycle, global epidemiology, risk factors, immunology, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and perspectives of control for each relevant protozoan parasite that can be found in contaminated water. These include Giardia duodenalis, Cryptosporidium, Free-living amoebae, Entamoeba histolytica/dispar and other pathogenic intestinal amoebae, Cystoisospora belli, cyclospora, microsporidia, and Blastocystis hominis.

This monograph is suitable for a broad readership which includes medical students, parasitologists, clinical microbiologists, epidemiologists, environmental health and water safety technicians, and public health personnel.

Preface

Water is essential for living organisms on Earth, but it can also spread toxic substances and pathogens for humans and animals, particularly in low income Countries. At global level, waterborne pathogen exposure in fact correlates significantly with low socio-economical conditions.

During the recent past, human development, population growth, extreme weather events as well as natural calamities due to climate changes have affected both the quality and quantity of water resources, increasing the occurrence of water-borne infectious diseases. These are a major cause of morbidity and mortality, with an estimate of 4.0% of global deaths and 5.7% of the global disease burden (in terms of Disability Adjusted Life Years) attributable to a complex of factors like water, sanitation, and hygiene conditions. Water-borne pathogens such as viruses, bacteria and protozoa are responsible for diarrheal diseases which affect, sometimes in a serious manner, in particular children, worldwide.

This E-book is designed to inform the reader on water-borne protozoa infections in humans.

The audience is represented by medical students, parasitologists, clinical microbiologists, infectivologists, researchers, environmental technicians, people who are engaged in water purification and control and public health personnel. Each chapter addresses the history, morphology and life cycle, global epidemiology and risk factors, immunology and immunopathology, symptoms, diagnosis and detection methods, treatment and perspectives of control for major waterborne parasites transmissible with water, either used for drinking or for recreational activities.

In addition to the parasites considered in this book, others can be transmitted by water, like Toxoplasma gondii for example, but were not considered in this book.

The Editor is grateful to David Di Cave, Marco Lalle, Simonetta Mattiucci, Walhul Khan, Una Ryan, Chuck Sterling, Magda Azab, Nicola Coppola for valuable reviewing process.

Fabrizio Bruschi
Università di Pisa
Pisa
Italy

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