Editor: SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi

Current Studies in HIV Research

Volume 2

Personal Book: US $59 Special Offer (PDF + Printed Copy): US $148
Printed Copy: US $119
Library Book: US $236
ISSN: 2405-9862
eISSN: 2405-9889 (Online)
ISBN: 978-1-68108-256-1
eISBN: 978-1-68108-255-4 (Online)
Year of Publication: 2016
DOI: 10.2174/97816810825541160201

Introduction

Current Studies in HIV Research brings key topics in HIV/AIDS research to the fore by compiling reviews prepared by HIV/AIDS experts. Readers will benefit from the extensive range of topics covered in this book. Each of the 24 chapters of this volume present a brief account of major facets of HIV/AIDS research including epidemiology, HIV prevention, basic virology, clinical studies (including co-infection with mycobacteria and hepatitis viruses), antiretroviral therapy, treatment options for specific patient groups (such as pregnant women and elderly patients), patient psychology and public health concerns. The book also presents information about issues encountered in practical situations such as management models for non-governmental organizations (NGOs), community involvement in HIV programs and sampling methods in HIV research.

Current Studies in HIV Research is, therefore, a useful guide to research information for novice epidemiologists, clinicians, psychologists, sociologists and managers involved in planning and implementing HIV/AIDS research, prevention and monitoring projects.

Preface

The present book focus on hot topics in HIV/AIDS research and every chapter was prepared by experts in the field.

Despite a global decline in the number of new HIV infection, in some areas including the Middle East the incidence rate of HIV infection is increasing. Consequently, effective prevention strategies as well as increased access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) are needed. In fact, control efforts for HIV infection requires to achieve a 50 percent reduction of HIV transmission among people who are infected through injection drug use or sexual intercourse, and elimination of mother-to-child transmission by way of providing antiretroviral treatment to pregnant HIV-positive women with a coverage target of 90% by 2015. On the other hand, one of the main objectives of international organizations is to increase the access to ART both as a life saving medication for people living with HIV and as an effective practice to prevent the infection. Fortunately, the infection with HIV is not considered a fatal disease anymore and it turned into a chronic disease and HIV infected people may enjoy near-normal life expectancy and reach old age.

Unfortunately, HIV-related stigma and discrimination is still significant in most areas of the world. However, the integration of HIV services with Primary Health Care (PHC) has proved to be an effective measure put in place by some nations. Further, reforming current laws and regulations and the development of new anti-discrimination legislation seem to be important for effective preventive and treatment activities.

The current book does not cover all aspects of HIV/AIDS. But, it presents a brief account of major issues and developments dealing with basic, epidemiology and clinical research for medical and scientific applications in this field.

The editor appreciates the effort and patience of all authors who participated in the writing of the chapters.

SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi
Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS
Iranian Institute for Reduction of High Risk Behaviors
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Iran

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