Editors: Edward Araujo Júnior, Wellington de Paula Martins

Advanced Topics on Three-dimensional Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

eBook: US $89 Special Offer (PDF + Printed Copy): US $185
Printed Copy: US $141
Library License: US $356
ISBN: 978-1-68108-210-3 (Print)
ISBN: 978-1-68108-209-7 (Online)
Year of Publication: 2016
DOI: 10.2174/97816810820971160101


Advanced Topics on Three-Dimensional Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology is a comprehensive and handy guide for sonographers, obstetricians, gynecology and radiology professionals, and all technicians working in ultrasound laboratories who are interested in taking advantage of all the resources provided by this imaging technique.

The book is divided in three sections which give information on a variety of relevant topics:

  • - Three-Dimensional Ultrasound Instrumentation and Technology . This section explains different ultrasound methods that can be used for three-dimensional imaging. It is complemented by a discussion on how to use the techniques in telemedicine.
  • - The Use of Three-Dimensional Ultrasound During Pregnancy . This section explains the methods used to assess fetal organs, behavior and defects during different stages of pregnancy.
  • - The Use of Three-Dimensional Ultrasound When Evaluating Female Reproductive Physiology . This section covers diagnostic procedures for ovarian and uterine abnormalities and neoplasms.


Ultrasound is a formidable diagnostic tool in obstetrics and gynecology and is being increasingly used around the world. Several new technologies were incorporated in the last decades, including three and four dimensional ultrasonography. Although 3D/4D technology is able to improve the diagnostic test accuracy of ultrasonography in several conditions, it is still not so popular, because machines with such technology are more expensive and because there is need of additional training before being able to manipulate the 3D dataset and to get used with the particular functions and terminology. Therefore, some professionals, particularly those who are not aware of all the potential benefits of 3D/4D ultrasound, still do not think it is time to move to this new technology.

Therefore, we decided gather the opinion of several experts around the world, in order to summarize the evidence of the advantages of 3D/4D ultrasound and how to use this technology. We hope this guide, that does not intend to be comprehensive, will help professionals around the world to take best of this imaging technique.

The editors want to thank all the chapters’ authors for their valuable time and effort spent to write beautiful texts; fortunately, we were supported by fantastic contributors!

Edward Araujo Júnior
Department of Obstetrics
Paulista School of Medicine - Federal University of São Paulo
São Paulo-SP


Wellington de Paula Martins
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ribeirão Preto Medical School
University of São Paulo (DGO-FMRP-USP)
Ribeirão Preto-SP