Editor: "Sher Bahadar Khan"

Nanomaterials and their Fascinating Attributes

Volume 1

Personal Book: US $99 Special Offer (PDF + Printed Copy): US $168
Printed Copy: US $119
Library Book: US $396
ISSN: 2452-4077
eISSN: 2452-4085 (Online)
ISBN: 978-1-68108-178-6
eISBN: 978-1-68108-177-9 (Online)
DOI: 10.2174/97816810817791160101

Introduction

Nanotechnology is a diverse science that has brought about new applications in fields such as colloidal science, device physics and supra molecular chemistry. This volume gives an overview of the development of nanomaterial applications in energy and power generation, medicine and healthcare, water purification, biotechnology, electronics, sporting goods, environmental issues, military defense, and textile/fabric industries. The text also explains the fundamentals of polymer nanocomposites and their industrial applications. Other chapters cover semiconductor applications of nanomaterials, nanomaterial synthesis, characterization of nanocomposites and uses of nanofillers. Readers will also find notes on the DFT study of II-VI semiconducting nano-clusters.

This volume is intended to be an introductory reference for students and researchers undertaking advanced courses in materials science and engineering, giving readers a glimpse into the fascinating world of nanotechnology.

Preface

Nano represent very small thing which has diverse applications and high potency that guiding to industrial and technological development.



Materials of nano size show remarkable physical and chemical properties due to several factors including the rise in surface area compared to volume which takes place as particles get smaller.



Nanotechnology finds its applications in many areas such as novel foodstuffs, medical equipments, chemical coatings, human health testing kits, security system’s sensor, water purification items for manned space craft, displays for hand-held computer games, and cinema screens. Nanotechnology is likely to impart an impact on almost every industry. Recently nanotechnology has become known as the science of every tiny thing, more particularly, 'nano'. Nanotechnology is a catch-all expression for resources and tools that function at the nanoscale.



Nanotechnology is a diverse science that has spread its applications in fields such as colloidal science, device physics and supra molecular chemistry. Being a subject of key interest, it was thought out to present recent development in nanotechnology in the form of a book to the scientific community.



There are six chapters in this book. In the first chapter, the recent development of nanotechnology in many applications such as energy/power, medicine/healthcare, water purification, biotechnology, electronics, sporting goods, environmental issues, defense/security, and textile/fabrics is summarized. Chapter two reviews the latest developments in the area of nanocomposites with reference to nanoclays, nanofibers and nanotubes. The classification, characterization and applications of various types of nanocomposites have been discussed in aerospace industry. It also highlighted the applications of nanocomposites in relaunch vehicles, space ladders, ablatives, internal motor casing and nano modified carbon/carbon composites. In third chapter, use and potential applications of nano materials, organic semiconductor complexes and composites sensors, organic field effect transistors, thin-film field effect transistors, temperature sensitive field-effect transistor, solar cells, and light-emitting diodes have been summarized. Fourth chapter describe nanotechnology, nanomaterials, nanocomposites, their importance, synthesis and characterization of nanocomposites. Fifth chapter describe synthesis of nanoparticles of various compositions, their exciting properties and size, and morphologies for a wide range of applications. Chapter six deals with DFT study of nanoparticles using run type of Frequencies in ADF-Molecule interface.



We deem that this book will convey the savor of the nanotechnology properly and illustrate that study on nanomaterials is emerging to be of key interest. We intently anticipate that this book will be beneficial for students, teachers and practitioners.

Sher Bahadar Khan & Abdullah M. Asiri
Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research
Chemistry Department
Faculty of Science
King Abdulaziz University
Jeddah 21589
P.O. Box 80203
Saudi Arabia

Kalsoom Akhtar
Division of Nano Sciences
Department of Chemistry
Ewha Womans University
Seoul 120-750
Korea

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