Chapter 7

Fetal 3D/4D Cardiovascular Imaging

Toshiyuki Hata and Junko Noguchi


We present herein the latest three-dimensional (3D)/four-dimensional (4D) sonographic studies on fetal heart and blood vessels using STIC (spatiotemporal image correlation) or real-time 3D fetal echocardiography. These new 3D/4D ultrasound techniques include VOCAL (Virtual Organ Computer-aided AnaLysis), TUI (Tomographic Ultrasound Imaging), SonoVCAD (Sonography Based Volume Computer Aided Diagnosis), color/power Doppler ultrasound and HD (High-Definition)-flow, B-flow and inversion mode. Fetal 3D/4D echocardiography provides a novel means for evaluation of fetal heart and blood vessels in 3D in real time, and of fetal intracardiac hemodynamics in the second and third trimesters. These novel techniques may assist in the evaluation of fetal cardiac anatomy and hemodynamics, and offer the potential advantages relative to conventional two-dimensional fetal echocardiography and Doppler flow mapping. 3D/4D ultrasound may be an important modality in future fetal cardiac research and in evaluation of congenital heart disease in the fetus.

Total Pages: 133-176 (44)

Purchase Chapter  Book Details


.Advanced Topics on Three-dimensional Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology.
.Medical Imaging Technologies and Methods for Health Care.
.Role of Imaging in Adults with Congenital Heart Disease: State-of-art Review.