Chapter 4

Aminoacid Biosynthesis

Marco Brito-Arias

Abstract

Amino acids are biomolecules composed of an amino group and carboxylic acid as common features and different R substituents attached to a chiral carbon with L-configuration for the biologically active enantiomer in humans except for glycine devoid of chirality (Fig. 129). Biosynthetically, the amino acids are derived from glycolysis, Krebs cycle or the pentose phosphate pathway.

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