Bio-Inspired Materials

Book Series: Frontiers in Biomaterials

Volume 6

by

Ulisses Targino Bezerra, Heber Sivini Ferreira, Normando Perazzo Barbosa

DOI: 10.2174/97898114068981190601
eISBN: 978-981-14-0689-8, 2019
ISBN: 978-981-14-0688-1
ISSN: 2468-0168 (Print)
ISSN: 2352-3921 (Online)





Nature has provided opportunities for scientists to observe patterns in biomaterials which can be imitated when designing construction ma...[view complete introduction]
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Current Developments and Future Needs for Natural Earth Construction: A State-of-the-Art Review

- Pp. 97-126 (30)

Ana Cecilia Vieira Nobrega and Normando Perazzo Barbosa

Abstract

A more sustainable and conscientious world desires to go back in time to use environmentally friendly construction materials, earthen materials. However, the simplicity of such materials has not yet been properly addressed in either academic or field research; at the same time natural earth construction is far from mature. In this scenario, we summarize the development of natural earth construction during the last few years. Recent publications including a number of books and journals on natural building are reviewed, while emphasizing the impacts of field research. Controversies and gaps in understanding are identified, and we discuss the advances of these modern ideas through the years. Topics include a review of natural earth building; materials selection; property evaluation; academic and field studies; and a state-of-the-art review on current developments (Adobe, Compressed earth blocks, Cob, Rammed earth, Earthbag construction, Earth floors, and Earth wall finishes). Recent developments in standards for earthen building materials are also reviewed. This chapter concludes with perspectives and future needs in natural earth construction, those which may have significant impacts on the advancing field.

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