Chapter 23

Quantization of the Free Electromagnetic Field

Peter Enders

Abstract

In contrast to the string, the free electromagnetic field has not got an extrinsic length parameter. However, the wave number provides an intrinsic length parameter. Energy quanta, hω, emerge only for the transverse field components, for which a potential energy analogously to that of the harmonic oscillator acts. The analog to the longitudinal field modes is the free particle.

Total Pages: 261-268 (8)

Purchase Chapter  Book Details

RELATED BOOKS

.Ion Implantation and Activation.
.Ion Implantation and Activation.
.Ion Implantation and Activation.