Chapter 12

In-Groups and Out-Groups

Jonathan Leicester


Evolution by group selection is accepted as important in all social animals, and illustrated by examples. In-group and out-group psychology can be seen in young infants, it is an old function of the old brain, it favours the in-group and devalues outgroups, it is related to emotion, symbolism, loyalty, patriotism, honour, pride, aggression, sacrifice, and war. It is involved in personal identity, sense of self, and pride of place. It determines many beliefs.

Total Pages: 102-105 (4)

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