Chapter 3

Implementation of IPM in Citriculture

Vincenzo Vacante and Carmelo Peter Bonsignore


In this chapter the goals of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) are discussed, along with the steps necessary for their implementation in citriculture. Pest prevention is treated first, and then available choices and horticultural practices, climate monitoring, the identification of pests and their natural enemies, the sampling and monitoring of pest populations, the prediction by Degree-Days (°D) and related decision tools and finally calculation of the Economic Injury Level (EIL) and Economic Threshold (ET) and a general approach to the Action Threshold (AT). A discussion of the means of pest control completes the chapter.

Total Pages: 28-55 (28)

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