Chapter 6

Signaling Pathways Involved in Molecular Carcinogenesis of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Tatsuo Kanda, Fumio Imazeki, Fumihiko Kanai, Motohisa Tada, Osamu Yokosuka and Masao Omata

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the major health problems worldwide. It was recently reported that systemic treatment with sorafenib, a multiple kinase inhibitor, for advanced HCC patients with mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class A) significantly extends overall survival. These results highlight the importance of understanding the molecular pathways to hepatocarcinogenesis that can lead to improvement in treatment for unresectable HCC. In this article, we provide an update on the molecular pathways to hepatocarcinogenesis, focusing on the extracellular signal-regulated kinase [Erk: mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK)], Wnt/β-catenin, apoptosis, transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β), phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB), Hedgehog, p53, cytokine and sex steroid pathways. Molecular targeted therapy against these pathways will shed new light on the treatment of advanced HCC patients.

Total Pages: 39-55 (17)

Purchase Chapter  Book Details

RELATED BOOKS

.Advances in Cancer Nanotheranostics for Experimental and Personalized Medicine.
.Current Advances in Breast Cancer Research: A Molecular Approach.
.Avastin and Malignant Gliomas .
.Cutting Edge Therapies for Cancer in the 21 Century.