Chapter 8

III-V Semiconductor Nanowire Light Emitting Diodes and Lasers

Junichi Motohisa, Katsuhiro Tomioka, Bin Hua, Kumar S.K. Varadwaj, Shinjiroh Hara, Kenji Hiruma and Takashi Fukui

Abstract

We describe the growth and optical properties of III-V semiconductor nanowires and their application to nanoscale photonic devices such as Fabry-Perot cavity, waveguides, optically-pumped lasers, and lightemitting diodes. The nanowires were grown by selective-area metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy (SA-MOVPE) on the (111) oriented substrates. Nanowires containing heterostructures in their radial direction, that is, core-shell heterostructures, have also been realized by controlling the growth mode during SA-MOVPE. The nanowires were characterized by micro-photoluminescence measurements and those detached from the grown substrate showed resonant peaks associated with Fabry-Perot cavity modes. It was simultaneously shown that core-shell hetereostructured nanowires exhibited stronger photoluminescence than bare nanowires due to reduced surface non-radiative recombination. Furthermore, core-shell nanowires exhibited lasing oscillation originating from the cavity formed by both end facets at pulsed-laser excitation. Meanwhile, electroluminescence from core-shell nanowires was also demonstrated.

Total Pages: 145-157 (13)

Purchase Chapter  Book Details

RELATED BOOKS

.Nanomaterials for Environmental Applications and their Fascinating Attributes.
.Introduction to Carbon Nanomaterials.
.Frontiers in Nanomedicine.
.Nanomedicine and Neurosciences: Advantages, Limitations and Safety Aspects.