Chapter 7

The Applications of HD and B Flow in 4D Echocardiography

Simcha Yagel, Sarah M Cohen, Dan V Valsky, Michal Lipscheutz and Baruch Messing


High Definition Power Flow Doppler (HDPD) is a bi-directional power Doppler imaging mode. B-flow is a direct-volume non-gated scanning tool that images blood flow in real-time. These ultrasound modalities have improved images of the fetal cardiovascular system to near-angiographic quality. Each has its particular advantages, which are illustrated with examples of fetal cardiovascular malformations obtained with these tools. HDPD and B-flow provide images not available to practitioners even five years ago.

Total Pages: 62-69 (8)

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.Pharmacotherapeutic Management of Cardiovascular Disease Complications: A Textbook for Medical Students.
.Perinatal Cardiology-Part 1.
.Perinatal Cardiology-Part 2.